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COVID-19 IMPACT: School District Operational Status. Updates for Spring 2022

COVID-19 IMPACT: School District Operational Status

Updates for Fall 2022

In partnership with Esri and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), we’ve created the information below to keep you informed of the changes and impact of COVID-19 on school operational plans at the district level. The previous survey’s results (Fall 2020, Spring 2021, Fall 2021, and Spring 2022) remain available in the download section.

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MCH is staying on top of emerging changes in the K12 community during this unprecedented time.

As the COVID-19 situation continues to evolve, our tactics to monitor and track its impact follow suit. Initially, policies surrounding COVID-19 were made at the state level and we configured our data compilation process based on that standard. More recently, however, the increase in local policy making surrounding COVID-19 has made it necessary to restructure our compilation process to maintain the high-quality data you need and expect.

In collaboration with multiple public and private stakeholders, MCH has invested significant resources into a strategy to continuously compile and refresh the below K12 public school data at the district level. We are offering this valuable resource as a free service to help you stay informed of the continuing changes to school district operational plans as the COVID-19 virus continues to impact our nation.

Quick Facts
9,840 (60%) of districts out of a total of 16,316 have provided their survey responses.
2,210 (22%) of districts offer universal free lunch to students. 
2,342 (24%) of districts offer universal free breakfast to students. 
9,296 (95%) of districts offer full in-person classes.
40 (0%) of districts offer remote learning only.
154 (2%) of districts offer hybrid learning.
150 (2%) of districts require all teachers and staff to wear masks on premises.
615 (7%) of districts require unvaccinated teachers and staff to wear masks on premises. 
140 (2%) of districts require all students to wear masks on premises.
579 (6%) of districts require unvaccinated students to wear masks on premises. 
449 (5%) of districts perform Covid testing on teachers and staff.
342 (4%) of districts perform Covid testing on students.
403 (5%) of districts require all teachers and staff to be vaccinated. 
122 (1%) of districts require all age-eligible students to be vaccinated. 
*The quick facts above are based on the total number of districts that have responded to the survey question.

Individual district data available by clicking the button below.
Available for download in excel or via RESTful API.

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About the COVID-19 School District Data

Great Today. Better Tomorrow.

MCH will continue to survey districts throughout the school year adding robust and timely information to this resource. School learning models and screening programs are just two of the many critical data points we are tracking. This data will be used by businesses and government agencies, like the CDC, to understand the ongoing impacts of COVID-19 in school districts. Login and download the most updated version anytime, for free.

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Download List of Districts


This table reflects summarized data as shown on the map. Individual districts are detailed in the data download, available by clicking on the button below.
State Name District Count Enrollment Total Full In-Person Percent Remote Only Percent Hybrid Percent Other Percent Unknown Percent Pending Percent
Alabama 161 794088 49% 0% 1% 0% 0% 47%
Alaska 54 136562 40% 1% 1% 0% 0% 55%
Arizona 639 1213648 40% 0% 2% 1% 0% 54%
Arkansas 270 512486 53% 0% 2% 1% 1% 39%
California 1057 6744058 64% 0% 2% 2% 0% 30%
Colorado 181 923845 59% 0% 0% 2% 1% 37%
Connecticut 187 548475 58% 0% 0% 0% 0% 41%
Delaware 42 145666 47% 0% 2% 0% 0% 50%
Florida 77 3019052 40% 0% 1% 1% 2% 54%
Georgia 219 1843045 52% 0% 2% 3% 0% 42%
Idaho 174 313399 44% 0% 2% 0% 0% 51%
Illinois 879 2023063 58% 0% 0% 0% 0% 41%
Indiana 407 1086495 50% 0% 0% 1% 0% 46%
Iowa 327 527306 66% 0% 0% 1% 0% 31%
Kansas 289 503044 68% 0% 0% 0% 0% 31%
Kentucky 175 737337 58% 0% 1% 3% 0% 36%
Louisiana 151 734665 52% 0% 0% 1% 0% 44%
Maine 252 198239 38% 0% 0% 0% 0% 60%
Maryland 26 927510 42% 0% 0% 3% 0% 53%
Massachusetts 398 976368 51% 0% 0% 0% 0% 47%
Michigan 825 1546330 51% 0% 1% 2% 0% 44%
Minnesota 508 920424 65% 0% 0% 0% 0% 33%
Mississippi 152 513657 54% 1% 0% 0% 0% 42%
Missouri 557 965210 65% 0% 0% 1% 0% 32%
Montana 397 156702 48% 0% 0% 0% 0% 49%
Nebraska 259 329399 63% 0% 0% 0% 0% 36%
Nevada 25 459149 52% 4% 8% 4% 0% 32%
New Hampshire 136 190749 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 88%
New Jersey 652 1420615 56% 0% 0% 0% 0% 42%
New Mexico 147 343792 64% 0% 2% 2% 0% 29%
New York 982 2759942 59% 0% 0% 0% 0% 39%
North Carolina 328 1626194 49% 0% 1% 1% 0% 47%
North Dakota 181 119461 65% 0% 0% 0% 0% 34%
Ohio 683 1697740 57% 0% 0% 1% 0% 40%
Oklahoma 566 736318 56% 0% 2% 1% 0% 39%
Oregon 198 589309 63% 0% 1% 1% 1% 32%
Pennsylvania 745 1808697 53% 0% 0% 1% 0% 43%
Rhode Island 62 144876 56% 1% 1% 1% 0% 38%
South Carolina 90 846669 52% 0% 2% 0% 1% 44%
South Dakota 168 153358 66% 0% 0% 0% 0% 32%
Tennessee 150 1045069 50% 0% 0% 2% 2% 45%
Texas 1211 5661911 68% 0% 0% 0% 0% 29%
Utah 156 687768 60% 1% 1% 0% 1% 33%
Vermont 52 87280 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 94%
Virginia 182 1367495 39% 0% 0% 2% 0% 58%
Washington 315 1144826 67% 0% 0% 2% 0% 28%
Washington DC 62 91381 53% 1% 6% 6% 0% 32%
West Virginia 60 285412 56% 0% 3% 5% 1% 33%
Wisconsin 444 872074 64% 0% 0% 1% 0% 33%
Wyoming 55 94970 60% 1% 1% 0% 0% 36%
*School districts represented in surveys include traditional public and private institutions. It does not include organizations such as religious education offices, area education services or state departments of education. Sub districts and supervisory union member districts are covered in the parent (traditional) organization. Due to charter management organizations often representing schools across the country and in different levels of outbreak, they are also not included.
**MCH phone verifies its institutions annually capturing new and closed institutions and enrollment. These numbers may be different from other reported enrollments due to this methodology.
***Sum of percentages may not equal 100% due to rounding.

For general and press inquiries, please feel free to contact us

Below is how MCH defines the teaching methods. Most values are reliant on the person completing the survey and their individual interpretation of their instructional plans.

Learning modalities: Type of instruction provided to K-12 students (in-person, hybrid, or remote).

In-person learning: School districts offer face to face instruction 5 days per week to all students at all available grade levels.

Hybrid learning: School districts offer face to face instruction, but less than 5 days a week or to a subset of students.

Remote learning: School districts offer no face-to-face instruction, learning conducted online to all students at all available grade levels.

Masking compliance (Indoors): CDC recommends indoor masking for all individuals age 2 years and older, including students, teachers, staff, and visitors, regardless of vaccination status.

Masking compliance (Outdoors): In general, people do not need to wear masks when outdoors. CDC recommends that people who are not fully vaccinated wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings or during activities that involve sustained close contact with other people. Fully vaccinated people might choose to wear a mask in crowded outdoor settings if they or someone in their household is immunocompromised.

Exceptions can be made for the following categories of people:
  • A person who cannot wear a mask, or cannot safely wear a mask, because of a disability as defined by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.). Discuss the possibility of reasonable accommodation with workers who are unable to wear or have difficulty wearing certain types of masks because of a disability.
  • A person for whom wearing a mask would create a risk to workplace health, safety, or job duty as determined by the relevant workplace safety guidelines or federal regulations.

COVID-19 vaccinations: The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is currently the only vaccine that children ages 5 through 17 years can get. School staff may get Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, or Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen COVID-19 vaccination.

COVID-19 vaccination clinics: Vaccinations offered by vaccine providers in community locations, including schools, that are hosted by community groups, employers, and other organizations.

COVID-19 screening testing: Screening testing identifies infected people, including those with or without symptoms (or before development of symptoms) who may be contagious, so that measures can be taken to prevent further transmission.

In K-12 schools, screening testing can help promptly identify and isolate cases, quarantine those who may have been exposed to COVID-19 and are not fully vaccinated, and identify clusters to reduce the risk to in-person education. CDC guidance provides that people who are fully vaccinated do not need to participate in screening testing and do not need to quarantine if they do not have any symptoms. Decisions regarding screening testing may be made at the state or local level.

COVID-19 diagnostic Testing : Diagnostic testing is intended to identify current infection in individuals and should be performed on anyone that has signs and symptoms consistent with COVID-19 and/or following recent known or suspected exposure to SARS-CoV-2.

COVID-19 testing clinics: Located either onsite at the school or off-site through partnerships with a local provider (such as a pharmacy or local health department).

Test to Stay (TTS) : An optional strategy to keep close contacts who are not fully vaccinated in the classroom as an alternative to traditional quarantine at home. Test to Stay combines contact tracing and serial testing (testing that is repeated at least twice during a seven-day period post-exposure) to allow asymptomatic school-associated close contacts who are not fully vaccinated and do not test positive for SARS-CoV-2 to continue in-person learning.

Learn more about TTS in the Science Brief and COVID-19 Testing in Schools.

Contact tracing: Schools should continue to collaborate with state and local health departments, to the extent allowable by privacy laws and other applicable laws, to confidentially provide information about people diagnosed with or exposed to COVID-19. This allows identifying which students, teachers, and staff with positive COVID-19 test results should isolate, and which close contacts should quarantine.

Fully vaccinated close contacts should be referred for COVID-19 testing. If asymptomatic, fully vaccinated close contacts do not need to quarantine at home following an exposure (they can continue to attend school in-person and participate in other activities). In addition to correctly wearing masks in school, they should wear a mask in other indoor public settings for 14 days or until they receive a negative test result.

Close contacts who are not fully vaccinated should be referred for COVID-19 testing. Regardless of test result, they should quarantine at home for 14 days after exposure. Options to shorten quarantine provide acceptable alternatives of a 10-day quarantine or a 7-day quarantine combined with testing and a negative test result.

See the added exception in the close contact definition for the exclusion of students in the K-12 indoor classroom who are within 3 to 6 feet of an infected student with masking. See the Department of Education’s Protecting Student Privacy FERPA and the Coronavirus Disease 2019 for more information.

Schools should report, to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, new diagnoses of COVID-19 to their state or local health department as soon as they are informed. School officials should notify, to the extent allowable by applicable privacy laws, teachers, staff, and families of students who were close contacts as soon as possible (within the same day if possible) after they are notified that someone in the school has tested positive.

Isolation: Isolation is used to separate people infected with COVID-19 from those who are not infected.

At-home quarantine: Quarantine is used when people might have been exposed to the virus and may or may not have been infected.

Physical distancing: CDC recommends schools maintain at least 3 feet of physical distance between students within classrooms, combined with indoor mask wearing to reduce transmission risk.

A distance of at least 6 feet is recommended between students and teachers/staff, and between teachers/staff who are not fully vaccinated. Mask use by all students, teachers, staff, and visitors is particularly important when physical distance cannot be maintained.


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